Infrastructure plays a vital role in meeting basic needs of society including mobility, shelter, communications, and other essential services. The design and management of infrastructure systems greatly influences the quality of these services and have significant environmental, economic, and social costs and benefits. Infrastructure systems generally require large capital investments and are resource intensive. Consequently, the sustainability challenges facing infrastructure materials and systems are enormous, and complex given that they are multi-dimensional. Some of the key indicators that demonstrate the sustainability challenge of infrastructure systems in United States are as follows:
September 2003 - August 2008
1. Wagner, L.A.(2002). Materials in the Economy – Material Flows, Scarcity and the Environment. U.S. Geological Survey Circular 1221.
2. van Oss, H. G., and Padovani, A. C. (2003). Cement Manufacture and the Environment, Part II: Environmental Challenges and Opportunities. Journal of Industrial Ecology, 7(1), 93-126.
3. USEPA (1998). Characterization of building-related construction and demolition debris in United States. United States Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, D.C.
4. ASCE. (2001). "Renewing America's Infrastructure: A Citizen's Guide." American Society of Civil Engineers, Washington, D.C.
5. ASCE (2003). Report Card for America’s Infrastructure. http://www.asce.org/reportcard/pdf/fullreport03.pdf (as accessed on 02/20/05).
6. USDOT (2002). 2002 Status of Nations’s Highways, Bridges, and Transit. U.S. Department of Transportation, Washington, D.C.
7. Schrank, D. and Lomax, T. (2004). The 2004 Urban Mobility Report. Texas Transportation Institute, The Texas A&M University System, http://mobility.tamu.edu.
University of Michigan
Page Last Updated
October 16, 2006
Email the Webmaster